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: 2020-01-15

:    15 ..Ρ .
( 1783) ɡ .
: ( ѡ ɡ 30-40 ) .
ǡ " " .
: ( ǡ ɡ )
: ( ϡ .)
: ɡ ɡ "" : ( ) ( ) : ( ѡ .)
: ( ͡ ѡ .) . " ۗ" ( : 165) .
Ρ ڡ ɡ
" .. ".
.
2020

..
..
ɡ ɡ ɡ .
ɡ ѡ ɡ ɡ ..
..
..
..
"" ..
"" ѡ "" -- ɺ ɡ ѡ ѡ ɡ ǡ .
[1] .. ..


ɡ " " - - ɡ !
ϡ "" ɺ " " ɡ ɡ ء ǡ ȡ ɡ [2].
[3] -- ɡ ɡ ɺ : ǡ ! ǡ ϡ ɡ .
" " : " Ǻ ɡ () ǡ ú ʺ "[4[
1640-1750 ɡ ɺ ɡ ɺ [5[
- - .
ʺ ɡ [6[
: ɺ ɡ " " .. ɺ ɡ ɡ ɡ [7[
ɡ ɡ ɺ ѡ 75 5 [8[
ѡ ɡ 30-40 ա Ѻ ֡ ѡ ɡ [9[
ɡ 1821 : " Ǻ ֡ ϡ ǡ "[10[
ɡ .
1791 15 ǡ 14 ǡ 4 4 ߡ 3 [11[
1860 192 [12[
- - : " ɡ ǡ ɡ "[13[
ǡ ! ɡ "" 1815 ɡ "".
ɺ ɺ ɡ ء ѡ 1869 ǡ ɡ ɡ [14[.
ǡ ɡ [15[
ɺ 3,25 ڡ 46 ɡ 4 ǡ 50 ǡ 15 [16[
ǡ , ǡ .
Ѻ ѡ [17] .
Ⱥ ǡ .
:
.. ȡ .
[1] ( ) .
[2] : ѡ 2.
[3] : ѡ 25.
[4] : ɡ 193-195.
[5] : ǡ 31 185.
[6] William Z. Foster, Out Line Political History of Amricans, International Publishers, New York, 1951, P. 71-75.
[7] : ǡ 36 37.
[8] : 37 38.
[9] : 38 186.
[10] Out Line Political History of Amricans, William Z. Foster, International Publishers, New York, 1951, P.79.
[11] : - -- 68.
[12] : ǡ 186.
[13] : 44.
[14] : ѡ 67.
[15] 2/360.
[16] : ѡ 7.
[17] : ѡ 5.


..
ɡ .
- - ɡ .
1619 .
- - .
.
ʡ 12 .
ǡ / 1619 " " ɡ " ".
ǡ ɡ .
- - .
ޡ .
- - " " .
1455-1775 .
1455 .
" ".
ɡ .
12.5 .
.
ѡ 26% .
ϡ 15% .
ϡ .
1662 ں ɡ .
ɡ ɡ " " ѡ .
ǡ ɡ .
ѡ .    :

" "..
ɡ ɡ " " (La colonisabilite) ǡ " " ѡ ɡ ɡ " Coefficients" : ( ) ( )
" " "" ɡ " " ѡ .. .(1).
: " ǡ ѡ .(2). ͡ ѡ ѡ : " ۗ" ( : 165)(3).


ȡ . : " .. .(4)
: " ɡ ( ) .. ϡ ˡ ( ) ǡ - ( ).(5)
ɡ :
1- .
2- ɡ .
3- .
4- .
5- .
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
:
1- ԡ . (: ѡ 1 2008) 12 -15.
2- . (: ) 33.
3- ɡ . (: 1 2006) 81.
4- ϡ . (: ѡ 1 2006) 152.
5- . (: ѡ 1 2013) 1269.

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